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BOTULINUM TOXIN INJECTIONS FOR LOW BACK PAIN AND SCIATICA

Abstract Background Adequate relief from low-back pain (LBP) is not always possible. Emerging evidence suggests a role for botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) injections in treating pain disorders. Proponents of BoNT suggest its properties can decrease muscle spasms, ischemia and inflammatory markers, thereby reducing pain. Objectives To determine the effects of botulinum toxin injections in adults with … Continue reading

NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTATION FOR OLDER PEOPLE AFTER HIP FRACTURE

Older people with hip fractures are often malnourished at the time of their fracture and many have poor food intake while in hospital. Malnutrition may hinder recovery after hip fracture. We reviewed the effects of nutritional interventions in older people recovering from hip fracture. The 24 randomised controlled trials included in this review involved 1940 … Continue reading

ACUPUNCTURE FOR DEPRESSION

Depression is widely experienced in our communities. In clinical depression, people report a lack of interest in life and activities which they otherwise normally enjoy. This can be accompanied by other symptoms including weight loss, over-eating, feelings of uselessness, sleep disturbance, self neglect and social withdrawal, insomnia or hypersomnia (sleeping too much), loss of energy, … Continue reading