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Sirtuins in cognitive ageing and Alzheimer’s disease.

School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sirtuins are a family of enzymes highly conserved in evolution and involved in mechanisms known to promote healthy ageing and longevity. This review aims to discuss recent advances in understanding the role of sirtuins, … Continue reading

INTERVENTIONS FOR THE TREATMENT OF BURNING MOUTH SYNDROME

There is insufficient evidence to show the effect of painkillers, hormones or antidepressants for ‘burning mouth syndrome’ but there is some evidence that learning to cope with the disorder, anticonvulsants and alpha-lipoic acid may help. A burning sensation on the lips, tongue or within the mouth is called ‘burning mouth syndrome’ when the cause is … Continue reading

CARNITINE FOR FATIGUE IN PATIENTS WITH MS

Fatigue  is commonly associated with multiple sclerosis and leads to significant disability and loss of quality of life. Several kind of interventions have been carried out, but definitive evidence on their relative efficacy and tolerability are not available.  As quite recently it has been hypothesised a relationship between low carnitine levels in the blood and fatigue, and … Continue reading

Vitamins and Minerals: Nourishing the Ocean Within (Part 1)

Commercials on television push the same message — “take your vitamins” — but doctors are less urgent. A balanced diet of fresh, nutritious  foods is still the ideal way to get  the vitamins and minerals that your body needs. A catchphrase form medical school holds that if you take extra vitamins and minerals, what you … Continue reading

EXERCISE FOR IMPROVING BALANCE IN OLDER PEOPLE

Balance is staying upright and steady when stationary, such as when standing or sitting, or during movement. The loss of ability to balance may be linked with a higher risk of falling, increased dependency, illness and sometimes early death. However, it is unclear which types of exercise are best at improving balance in older people (aged … Continue reading

EARLY SKIN-TO-SKIN CONTACT FOR MOTHERS AND THEIR HEALTHY NEWBORN INFANTS

Skin-to-skin contact between a mother and her baby at birth reduces crying, and helps the mother to breastfeed successfully. In many cultures, babies are generally cradled naked on their mother’s bare chest at birth. Historically, this was necessary for the baby’s survival. In recent times, in some societies such as in industrialized countries more babies … Continue reading

USING OMEGA 3 MADE FROM FISH OIL TO TREAT CANCER RELATED WEIGHT LOSS

There was insufficient evidence to support the use of oral fish oil (on its own or in the presence of other treatments) for the management of the weight loss syndrome often seen in patients with advanced cancer. Many people with advanced cancer develop a distressing weight loss syndrome. To date, treatment of associated symptoms has … Continue reading

CUTTING DOWN OR CHANGING THE FAT WE EAT MAY REDUCE OUR RISK OF HEART DISEASE

Modifying fat in our food (replacing some saturated (animal) fats with plant oils and unsaturated spreads) may reduce risk of heart and vascular disease, but it is not clear whether monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fats are more beneficial. There are no clear health benefits of replacing saturated fats with starchy foods (reducing the total amount of fat … Continue reading

A systematic review on use of Chinese medicine and acupuncture for treatment of obesity.

Abstract Obesity is a major health hazard and despite lifestyle modification, many patients frequently regain any lost body weight. The use of western anti-obesity drugs has been limited by side effects including mood changes, suicidal thoughts, and gastrointestinal or cardiovascular complications. The effectiveness and safety of traditional Chinese medicine including Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) and … Continue reading