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CAN EXERCISE INTERVENTIONS ENHANCE HEALTH-RELATED LIFE AMONG CANCER SURVIVORS?

Cancer survivors often have many psychological and physical adverse events as a result of the cancer and treatment for it. They also suffer from poorer quality of life (QoL) than people without cancer. Some studies have suggested that exercise may be helpful in reducing negative outcomes and improving the QoL of people who have finished cancer treatment. Also, … Continue reading

GARGLIC FOR THE PREVENTION OF CARDIOVASCULAR MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY IN HYPERTENSIVE PATIENT

Garlic is widely used by patients for its blood pressure lowering effects. In this analysis, we reviewed the currently available evidence to determine the impact of garlic on cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with hypertension. Based on data from two randomized controlled trials that compared garlic to placebo in patients with hypertension it appears … Continue reading

ERGONOMIC INTERVENTION FOR PREVENTING WORK-RELATED MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS OF THE UPPER LIMB AND NECK

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb and neck are one of the most common occupational disorders around the world. It is likely that addressing ergonomic factors, such as the design of workplace equipment or the environment, or both, as well as training workers in ergonomic principles may reduce the risk of workers developing these … Continue reading

ACUPUNCTURE FOR CANCER-RELATED PAIN IN ADULTS

Up to 70% of patients with cancer-related pain do not receive adequate pain relief and this reduces their quality of life. Acupuncture may have a role to play in relieving cancer-related pain. This review evaluated evidence for the effectiveness of acupuncture in reducing pain associated with cancer or its treatment, or both. We found three … Continue reading

Neuropathy in prediabetes: does the clock start ticking early?

Heinrich Heine University, Leibniz, Germany. Abstract Between 25% and 62% of patients with idiopathic peripheral neuropathy are reported to have prediabetes, and among individuals with prediabetes 11-25% are thought to have peripheral neuropathy, and 13-21% have neuropathic pain. Population-based studies suggest a gradient for the prevalence of neuropathy, being highest in patients with manifest diabetes … Continue reading

Prediabetes: a high-risk state for diabetes developmen

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK. a.tabak@ucl.ac.uk Abstract Prediabetes (intermediate hyperglycaemia) is a high-risk state for diabetes that is defined by glycaemic variables that are higher than normal, but lower than diabetes thresholds. 5-10% of people per year with prediabetes will progress to diabetes, with the same proportion converting back … Continue reading

ANTIOXIDANT VITAMINS AND MINERAL SUPPLEMENTS TO PREVENT THE DEVELOPMENT OF AMD

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a condition affecting the central area of the retina (back of the eye). The retina can deteriorate with age and some people get lesions that can lead to loss of central vision. Some studies have suggested that people who eat a diet rich in antioxidant vitamins (carotenoids, vitamins C and … Continue reading

EXERCISE FOR IMPROVING BALANCE IN OLDER PEOPLE

Balance is staying upright and steady when stationary, such as when standing or sitting, or during movement. The loss of ability to balance may be linked with a higher risk of falling, increased dependency, illness and sometimes early death. However, it is unclear which types of exercise are best at improving balance in older people (aged … Continue reading

EARLY SKIN-TO-SKIN CONTACT FOR MOTHERS AND THEIR HEALTHY NEWBORN INFANTS

Skin-to-skin contact between a mother and her baby at birth reduces crying, and helps the mother to breastfeed successfully. In many cultures, babies are generally cradled naked on their mother’s bare chest at birth. Historically, this was necessary for the baby’s survival. In recent times, in some societies such as in industrialized countries more babies … Continue reading

CUTTING DOWN OR CHANGING THE FAT WE EAT MAY REDUCE OUR RISK OF HEART DISEASE

Modifying fat in our food (replacing some saturated (animal) fats with plant oils and unsaturated spreads) may reduce risk of heart and vascular disease, but it is not clear whether monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fats are more beneficial. There are no clear health benefits of replacing saturated fats with starchy foods (reducing the total amount of fat … Continue reading