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Cardio

This category contains 22 posts

GARGLIC FOR THE PREVENTION OF CARDIOVASCULAR MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY IN HYPERTENSIVE PATIENT

Garlic is widely used by patients for its blood pressure lowering effects. In this analysis, we reviewed the currently available evidence to determine the impact of garlic on cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with hypertension. Based on data from two randomized controlled trials that compared garlic to placebo in patients with hypertension it appears … Continue reading

CUTTING DOWN OR CHANGING THE FAT WE EAT MAY REDUCE OUR RISK OF HEART DISEASE

Modifying fat in our food (replacing some saturated (animal) fats with plant oils and unsaturated spreads) may reduce risk of heart and vascular disease, but it is not clear whether monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fats are more beneficial. There are no clear health benefits of replacing saturated fats with starchy foods (reducing the total amount of fat … Continue reading

FERMENTED MILK FOR HYPERTENSION

High blood pressure is a major health problem as it is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Fermented milk has been suggested to reduce blood pressure in humans. This review was conducted to establish whether the intake of fermented milk lowers blood pressure in humans. In 15 studies including 1232 participants a … Continue reading

EFFECT OF COCOA ON BLOOD PRESSURE

Flavanols found in cocoa have been associated with blood pressure lowering properties due to their stimulation of nitric oxide dependent vasodilation. In this review we assessed the effect of cocoa products on blood pressure in adults when consumed daily for a minimum of two weeks. Meta-analysis of 20 studies involving 856 mainly healthy participants revealed … Continue reading

The effect of lifestyle modification and cardiovascular risk factor reduction on erectile dysfunction: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Division of Cardiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. gupta.bhanu@mayo.edu Abstract BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction (ED) shares similar modifiable risks factors with coronary artery disease (CAD). Lifestyle modification that targets CAD risk factors may also lead to improvement in ED. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials evaluating … Continue reading

Nondrug interventions for treatment of hypertension.

Division of Cardiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA. Abstract The treatment of hypertension is no longer limited to the simple prescription of pharmaceuticals. For many patients, maximal medical therapy is insufficient to adequately treat refractory hypertension. In addition, some patients may prefer to explore therapies that do not involve drugs as an … Continue reading

EFFECTS OF LOW SALT DIET ON BLOOD PRESSURE, HORMONES AND LIPIDS IN PEOPLE WITH NORMAL BP AND IN PEOPLE WITH ELEVATED BP

We are commonly advised to cut down on salt. The previous version of this review looked at mostly short-term strategies to reduce salt intake. In the present updated version separate analyses of studies with a duration of 2 to 4 weeks or longer were performed. Low salt diets reduced systolic blood pressure by 1% in … Continue reading

ADVICE TO REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF SALT EATEN REDUCES BLOOD PRESSURE BUT THERE IS INSUFFICIENT EVIDENCE TO CONFIRM THE PREDICTED REDUCTIONS IN PEOPLE DYING PREMATURELY OR SUFFERING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Cardiovascular disease includes heart attacks, strokes, and the need for heart surgery and is a major cause of premature death and disability. This review set out to assess whether intensive support and encouragement to cut down on salt in foods reduced the risk of death or cardiovascular disease. This advice did reduce the amount of … Continue reading

WEIGHT REDUCING DIETS FOR PATIENTS WITH ELEVATED BLOOD PRESSURE

Compared to the general population, patients with high blood pressure have a higher risk for death and complications such as heart attack or stroke. Based on the association of increased weight and increased blood pressure, dietary interventions to lower body weight are commonly recommended as a first therapeutic step for overweight patients with high blood … Continue reading

Comorbidities of diabetes and hypertension: mechanisms and approach to target organ protection.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University of Tennessee College of Medicine, Memphis, TN 38163, USA. Abstract Up to 75% of adults with diabetes also have hypertension, and patients with hypertension alone often show evidence of insulin resistance. Thus, hypertension and diabetes are common, intertwined conditions that share a significant overlap in underlying risk factors … Continue reading