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Diabetes

This category contains 13 posts

Neuropathy in prediabetes: does the clock start ticking early?

Heinrich Heine University, Leibniz, Germany. Abstract Between 25% and 62% of patients with idiopathic peripheral neuropathy are reported to have prediabetes, and among individuals with prediabetes 11-25% are thought to have peripheral neuropathy, and 13-21% have neuropathic pain. Population-based studies suggest a gradient for the prevalence of neuropathy, being highest in patients with manifest diabetes … Continue reading

Prediabetes: a high-risk state for diabetes developmen

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK. a.tabak@ucl.ac.uk Abstract Prediabetes (intermediate hyperglycaemia) is a high-risk state for diabetes that is defined by glycaemic variables that are higher than normal, but lower than diabetes thresholds. 5-10% of people per year with prediabetes will progress to diabetes, with the same proportion converting back … Continue reading

Lifestyle and genetics in obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Medicobiological Unit, International Scientific Institute, National Sports Academy, Bulgaria. Abstract Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are multifactorial health threats caused by a complex interplay between genetic predisposition and the environment with dramatically increasing worldwide prevalence. The role of heritability in their etiology is well recognized, however, the numerous attempts made in order certain genetic … Continue reading

COMPUTER-ASSISTED VS. ORAL-AND-WRITTEN DIETARY HISTORY TAKING FOR DIABETES MELLITUS

People with diabetes need to adjust their diet in order to control their blood sugar levels and avoid complications. Healthcare professionals often take dietary histories from patients to help them monitor their dietary intake and provide them with advice. Patient histories may be recorded manually by using oral-and-written methods or via a computer-assisted history taking … Continue reading

EDUCATION PROGRAMMES FOR PEOPLE WITH DIABETIC KIDNEY DISEASE

Adherence to complex regimens is often poor in patients with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (DKD). Interventions to enhance adherence require both intensive education and behavioural counselling. This review looked for randomised trials (RCTs) comparing education programmes with other strategies in patients with DKD. Only two studies involving patients with DKD were identified. Although education … Continue reading

Comorbidities of diabetes and hypertension: mechanisms and approach to target organ protection.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University of Tennessee College of Medicine, Memphis, TN 38163, USA. Abstract Up to 75% of adults with diabetes also have hypertension, and patients with hypertension alone often show evidence of insulin resistance. Thus, hypertension and diabetes are common, intertwined conditions that share a significant overlap in underlying risk factors … Continue reading

DOES ALTERING DIETARY SALT INTAKE AID IN THE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF DIABETIC KIDNEY DISEASE?

There is strong evidence that our current consumption of salt is a major factor in increasing blood pressure (BP), whether BP levels are normal or raised. Diabetes makes it more likely to develop high BP, which increases the risk of strokes, heart attacks and speeds up the progression of diabetic kidney disease. This review found … Continue reading

LOW GLYCAEMIC INDEX OR LOW GLYCAEMIC LOAD DIETS FOR DIABETES MELLITUS

Nutritional factors affect blood glucose levels, however there is currently no universal approach to the optimal dietary strategy for diabetes. Different carbohydrate foods have different effects on blood glucose and can be ranked by the overall effect on the blood glucose levels using the so-called glycaemic index. By contributing a gradual supply of glucose to … Continue reading

LONG-TERM NON-PHAMACHOLOGICAL WEIGHT LOSS INTERVENTIONS FOR ADULTS WITH T2DM

Most persons with type 2 diabetes are overweight, and the health of these persons can be improved with weight loss. Weight loss is very difficult to achieve in the long-term, however, particularly among persons with diabetes. This systematic review of diet, physical activity, and behavioral interventions for weight loss, revealed a decrease in weight of … Continue reading

METFORMIN MONOTHERAPY FOR T2DM

Our review confirm that tight glycaemia control with metformin monotherapy is one of the main therapeutic options for type 2 diabetes in patients with overweight or obesity, since it may prevent some events of macrovascular and microvascular complications, and mortality. With the exception of more benefit achieved in overweight and obese participants on metformin, there … Continue reading