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Pain

This category contains 12 posts

ERGONOMIC INTERVENTION FOR PREVENTING WORK-RELATED MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS OF THE UPPER LIMB AND NECK

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb and neck are one of the most common occupational disorders around the world. It is likely that addressing ergonomic factors, such as the design of workplace equipment or the environment, or both, as well as training workers in ergonomic principles may reduce the risk of workers developing these … Continue reading

ACUPUNCTURE FOR CANCER-RELATED PAIN IN ADULTS

Up to 70% of patients with cancer-related pain do not receive adequate pain relief and this reduces their quality of life. Acupuncture may have a role to play in relieving cancer-related pain. This review evaluated evidence for the effectiveness of acupuncture in reducing pain associated with cancer or its treatment, or both. We found three … Continue reading

GABAPENTIN FOR CHRONIC NEUROPATHIC PAIN AND FIBROMYALGIA IN ADULTS

Antiepileptic drugs like gabapentin are commonly used for treating neuropathic pain, usually defined as pain due to damage to nerves. This would include postherpetic neuralgia (persistent pain experienced in an area previously affected by shingles), painful complications of diabetes, nerve injury pain, phantom limb pain, fibromyalgia and trigeminal neuralgia. This type of pain can be … Continue reading

ACUPUNCTURE AND DRY NEEDLING FOR LOW BACK PAIN

Thirty-five RCTs covering 2861 patients were included in this systematic review. There is insufficient evidence to make any recommendations about acupuncture or dry-needling for acute low-back pain. For chronic low-back pain, results show that acupuncture is more effective for pain relief than no treatment or sham treatment, in measurements taken up to three months. The … Continue reading

ADVICE TO REST IN BED VERSUS ADVICE TO STAY ACTIVE FOR ACUTE LOW BACK PAIN AND SCIATICA

Abstract Background Acute low-back pain (LBP) is a common reason to consult a general practitioner. Debate continues on the comparative effectiveness of advice on bed rest and staying active as part of the primary care management. Objectives To determine the effects of advice to rest in bed or stay active for patients with acute low-back … Continue reading

BOTULINUM TOXIN INJECTIONS FOR LOW BACK PAIN AND SCIATICA

Abstract Background Adequate relief from low-back pain (LBP) is not always possible. Emerging evidence suggests a role for botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) injections in treating pain disorders. Proponents of BoNT suggest its properties can decrease muscle spasms, ischemia and inflammatory markers, thereby reducing pain. Objectives To determine the effects of botulinum toxin injections in adults with … Continue reading

GLUCOSAMINE FOR OSTEOARTHRITIS

This summary of a Cochrane review presents what we know from research about the effect of glucosamine on osteoarthritis. People with osteoarthritis who take glucosamine: – may reduce their pain – may improve their physical function – will probably not have side effects What is osteoarthritis and glucosamine? Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form … Continue reading

ACUPUNCTURE FOR MIGRAINE PROFILAXIS

Migraine patients suffer from recurrent attacks of mostly one-sided, severe headache. Acupuncture is a therapy in which thin needles are inserted into the skin at defined points; it originates from China. Acupuncture is used in many countries for migraine prophylaxis – that is, to reduce the frequency and intensity of migraine attacks. We reviewed 22 … Continue reading

DIETARY INTERVENTIONS AS COMPLEMENTARY THERAPIES FOR MS

Because available conventional treatments are only partially effective and may produce side effects, most patients with MS use therapies proposed by complementary and alternative medicine – usually diets and dietary supplements. In fact, an Internet search using the terms “multiple sclerosis” and “diet” produces over 6 million references, indicating that these treatments are widely used … Continue reading

THE EFFECTS OF DIETS ON RHEUMATHOID ARTHRITIS

A review of the effect of diets for people with rheumatoid arthritis was conducted by researchers in the Cochrane Collaboration.  After searching for all relevant studies, they found 15 studies done by other researchers.  Their findings are summarised below. What is rheumatoid arthritis and what diets have been tried? Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in … Continue reading