//
archives

Prevention

This category contains 4 posts

EXERCISE FOR IMPROVING BALANCE IN OLDER PEOPLE

Balance is staying upright and steady when stationary, such as when standing or sitting, or during movement. The loss of ability to balance may be linked with a higher risk of falling, increased dependency, illness and sometimes early death.¬†However, it is unclear which types of exercise are best at improving balance in older people (aged … Continue reading

LYCOPENE FOR THE PREVENTION OF PROSTATE CANCER

Abstract BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is a common cause of death in developed countries, yet the benefits of screening for prostate cancer still remain controversial. A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test result greater than 4 ng/mL (nanograms/millilitre) has commonly been used as the cut-off level for seeking further tests to diagnose the presence (or absence) of prostate … Continue reading

EFFECTS OF LOW SALT DIET ON BLOOD PRESSURE, HORMONES AND LIPIDS IN PEOPLE WITH NORMAL BP AND IN PEOPLE WITH ELEVATED BP

We are commonly advised to cut down on salt. The previous version of this review looked at mostly short-term strategies to reduce salt intake. In the present updated version separate analyses of studies with a duration of 2 to 4 weeks or longer were performed. Low salt diets reduced systolic blood pressure by 1% in … Continue reading

ADVICE TO REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF SALT EATEN REDUCES BLOOD PRESSURE BUT THERE IS INSUFFICIENT EVIDENCE TO CONFIRM THE PREDICTED REDUCTIONS IN PEOPLE DYING PREMATURELY OR SUFFERING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Cardiovascular disease includes heart attacks, strokes, and the need for heart surgery and is a major cause of premature death and disability. This review set out to assess whether intensive support and encouragement to cut down on salt in foods reduced the risk of death or cardiovascular disease. This advice did reduce the amount of … Continue reading