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LIFESTYLE

This category contains 50 posts

Does exercise really help with depression?

Gathering evidence for the effects of physical activity on the mind is much harder than you might expect. There’s something intuitive about the idea that exercising makes you feel better about yourself. Several decades of research have been carried out on the topic, and some family doctors prescribe fitness classes to patients diagnosed with depression, … Continue reading

CAN EXERCISE INTERVENTIONS ENHANCE HEALTH-RELATED LIFE AMONG CANCER SURVIVORS?

Cancer survivors often have many psychological and physical adverse events as a result of the cancer and treatment for it. They also suffer from poorer quality of life (QoL) than people without cancer. Some studies have suggested that exercise may be helpful in reducing negative outcomes and improving the QoL of people who have finished cancer treatment. Also, … Continue reading

ERGONOMIC INTERVENTION FOR PREVENTING WORK-RELATED MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS OF THE UPPER LIMB AND NECK

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb and neck are one of the most common occupational disorders around the world. It is likely that addressing ergonomic factors, such as the design of workplace equipment or the environment, or both, as well as training workers in ergonomic principles may reduce the risk of workers developing these … Continue reading

Neuropathy in prediabetes: does the clock start ticking early?

Heinrich Heine University, Leibniz, Germany. Abstract Between 25% and 62% of patients with idiopathic peripheral neuropathy are reported to have prediabetes, and among individuals with prediabetes 11-25% are thought to have peripheral neuropathy, and 13-21% have neuropathic pain. Population-based studies suggest a gradient for the prevalence of neuropathy, being highest in patients with manifest diabetes … Continue reading

Prediabetes: a high-risk state for diabetes developmen

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK. a.tabak@ucl.ac.uk Abstract Prediabetes (intermediate hyperglycaemia) is a high-risk state for diabetes that is defined by glycaemic variables that are higher than normal, but lower than diabetes thresholds. 5-10% of people per year with prediabetes will progress to diabetes, with the same proportion converting back … Continue reading

INTERVENTIONS FOR THE TREATMENT OF BURNING MOUTH SYNDROME

There is insufficient evidence to show the effect of painkillers, hormones or antidepressants for ‘burning mouth syndrome’ but there is some evidence that learning to cope with the disorder, anticonvulsants and alpha-lipoic acid may help. A burning sensation on the lips, tongue or within the mouth is called ‘burning mouth syndrome’ when the cause is … Continue reading

EXERCISE FOR IMPROVING BALANCE IN OLDER PEOPLE

Balance is staying upright and steady when stationary, such as when standing or sitting, or during movement. The loss of ability to balance may be linked with a higher risk of falling, increased dependency, illness and sometimes early death. However, it is unclear which types of exercise are best at improving balance in older people (aged … Continue reading

CUTTING DOWN OR CHANGING THE FAT WE EAT MAY REDUCE OUR RISK OF HEART DISEASE

Modifying fat in our food (replacing some saturated (animal) fats with plant oils and unsaturated spreads) may reduce risk of heart and vascular disease, but it is not clear whether monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fats are more beneficial. There are no clear health benefits of replacing saturated fats with starchy foods (reducing the total amount of fat … Continue reading

FERMENTED MILK FOR HYPERTENSION

High blood pressure is a major health problem as it is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Fermented milk has been suggested to reduce blood pressure in humans. This review was conducted to establish whether the intake of fermented milk lowers blood pressure in humans. In 15 studies including 1232 participants a … Continue reading

TRANSTHEORETICAL MODEL FOR DIETARY AND PHYSICAL EXERCISE MODIFICATION IN WEIGHT LOSS MANAGEMENT FOR OVERWEIGHT AND OBESE ADULTS

Obesity (body mass index of more than 30 kg/m2) and overweight (body mass index of 25 to less than 30 kg/m2) are increasingly important public health issues, and contribute to serious health problems and extensive economic costs worldwide. Body mass index is a common measure used in classifying overweight and obesity in adult populations and … Continue reading